Risk Assessment and Evaluation of Basic Health and Safety Facilities

Risk Assessment and Evaluation of Basic Health and Safety Facilities


Hazard identification is fundamental to industrial safety management; unidentified hazards present the most unmanageable risk. This study presents the risk assessment and evaluation of welfare facilities available in textile industry. According the walk through survey and also conduct interviews and to identify hazards, evaluating risk, give management plan of such hazards and assigning responsibilities for proper implementation.

The main hazards were physical, chemical, biological, mechanical, psychosocial, and electrical hazards arising from industrial activities. Furthermore questioners related to welfare facilities were filled which shown first aid, training of employees, fresh water and food, personal protective equipments, fire extinguisher, toilets and washing facilities, 78%, 79%, 75%, 67%, 72% and 81% respondents satisfaction respectively.

The study was finally concluded with fruitful suggestions that will beneficial to encourage researcher and competitive authority to work toward further betterment and contribute to manage safety system.

Key words: Hazard; Risk assessment; welfare facilities.

1.1 Introduction

The field of risk assessment is faced with difficulty in defining and supportive on principles. Risks are dealt with another way across different countries, industries, sector and fields.

Definitions, terms and interpretations are as varied as the number of sources providing them. There are no agreed cohesive definitions of risk, risk assessment, analysis and management.

There are often misconceptions. Different terms, for example “risk assessment” and “risk analysis”, are often used interchangeably (Lingard and Rowlinson, 2005).

1.1.1 Health

Health is the common condition of a person in mind, spirit and body, typically meaning to be free from illness, injury or pain. The World Health Organization (WHO) define health in its broader common sense in 1946 as “a state of complete physical, social and mental well – being and not merely the absence of infirmity or disease” (WHO, 2006). In this study health means being free from illness, pain or injury, which can be caused by industrial activities.

1.1.2 Safety

Safety is related to external threats, and the perception of being sheltered from threats. According to the business dictionary definition, safety that is defined as a relative freedom from danger, injury, threat, or risk of harm or loss of personnel and/or property, whether it caused deliberately or by any accidents. Safety can also be defined as the control of hazards to achieve an acceptable level of risk. In this study, safety means freedom from danger, harm, and injury to the person involved in industrial activities.

1.1.3 Hazards

A hazard is somewhat that have potential for harm. In practical terms, a hazard is often related with a condition or activity that, if left uninhibited, can result in an injury or illness. HSE (2004) define hazard as any source of possible damage, harm or negative health effects on something or someone under certain

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